This project is funded by the European Union.
Nov 1, 2019
Publisher: Climate Policy Initiative
The Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2019 analyzes climate finance flows along their life cycle. First, we examine the sources and intermediaries of finance, followed by the instruments used and the purposes and sectors served. We then present the geographic profile of climate finance flows, before concluding with a discussion of the current outlook for global climate finance and ways to improve tracking practices in the future. In most cases, we cite figures as annual averages across two years of data to flatten annual fluctuations in commitment-investment cycles that would otherwise skew overall trends. While the Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2019 presents the most comprehensive information available about which sources and financial instruments are driving investment and how much climate finance is flowing globally, it does not capture potentially greater flows due to methodological issues related to data coverage and data limitations, particularly domestic government expenditures on climate finance and private investments in energy efficiency, transport, land use, and adaptation.